Russia's Murmansk-BN electronic warfare complex deployed on the Kola peninsula in May angered the US because there is no comparable electronic warfare
Over the past few years, Russia has deployed powerful electronic warfare (EW) systems. These systems deprive the adversary of the ability to use weapons against Russia, or at least reduce the effectiveness of their use of weapons and deprive them of the ability to conduct reconnaissance.

One of the tasks of any electronic warfare group is to disturb the enemy's navigation system, render the reconnaissance equipment and targeting system inoperable, leaving the enemy disoriented. direction. That is, "stun", "blind", "make the enemy crazy".

One of the most advanced systems is the Krasukha-4 electronic warfare system, which is a wide-band station that jams strong acoustics. Experts began to develop this complex in the mid-1990s. In the early 2010s, the Krasukha-4 began to be mass-produced.

To date, there is not much information about this complex. It is only known that the operating radius of Krasukha station is a few hundred kilometers, it covers the entire area by an invisible dome, suppressing all sources of radio emissions, including detection AWACS systems. and track target types, "push" attack aircraft and high-precision weapons. If necessary, Krasukha can operate at very high altitudes, suppressing satellites in space.

Krasukha systems have been tested in real combat situations in Syria. Krasukha has not only once worked against the drones of terrorist groups. In addition, according to Western media, Krasukha even disabled a number of American F-22 and F-35 fifth-generation fighters, which were said to have accidentally flown into the area where the complex Russian electronic warfare covered. Moreover, Krasukha systems participated in repelling attacks on Syria with Tomahawk cruise missiles.

A number of Tomahawk missiles were shot down, fell into the hands of Syrian servicemen, and were transferred to Russian specialists from Radio Electronic Technology Corporation.

But the Murmansk-BN Electronic Warfare Complex is NATO's most formidable weapon, aimed at disabling the High Frequency Global Communications System (HFGCS) of the West. . In fact, research on the design and manufacture of this complex began in the Soviet Union in the 1960s, however, it was only in 2015 that Russian engineers were able to make the necessary breakthrough and come up with a solution. a new test sample.

The Murmansk-BN complex is a strategic electronic warfare vehicle capable of "stunning" and "blinding" enemy communications, reconnaissance and "smart" weapon sensors at a range of 5,000km away (even up to 8,000km - when the atmospheric transmission is ideal and the antenna is at peak power), while most other electronic warfare systems are only effective at distance up to 300km. As a versatile complex, unlike any other in the world, it can be used simultaneously for reconnaissance and electronic suppression - affecting not only ships, but also enemy reconnaissance and combat aircraft. potential enemies.

The operating principle of the automatic radio interference combination, which is integrated with these most advanced algorithms, is after analyzing and decoding information about the enemy's wavelength, frequency band, signal strength, and communication route. , the combination will choose a solution to jam, even suppress, and completely suppress those communications. Capable of wide-area jamming thanks to a capacity of 400kW (compared to 5kW of previous generation complexes), the Murmansk-BN operates not only at operational-tactical-level depths, but also at combat translation-strategy.

The Murmansk-BN complex is arranged on 7 active multi-bridge trucks (4x6) KamAZ or Ural. The antenna of the assembly is mounted on four telescopic brackets with hydraulic system, which can be raised up to 32m, as well as the low frequency antenna. On the three cars there are separate generators, folding antenna equipment and a control center. The standard time for deployment of the complex is three days (72 hours), after which it can be operational - capable of detecting all electronic communication, navigation and control systems, not only of static strategic command posts, but also of carrier formations and even individual enemy ships.

The Murmansk electronic warfare complex is special in that it is strategic. Previously, the radio waves of the famous Russian "Krasui-4" had a maximum range of no more than 300 km and were deployed at the Khmemim military base in Syria, Russia. But Murmansk has a coverage radius of 5,000 km, and if the radio waves pass well, the range can be up to 8,000 km.

This system can detect radio technology, intercept and destroy enemy signals. It covers the entire shortwave range (frequency 3-30 MHz) and is used for ship and aircraft command and satellite radio communications.

Murmansk can automatically scan electronic signals in many spaces. If a wireless signal is found, the frequency communication will be analyzed. You can also explore the link of the radio exchange source. Enemy transmitters begin to interfere due to the narrow frequency.

Complexes of this type are planned for deployment in the area of \u200b\u200bthe Baltic, Northern, Black Sea and Pacific fleets. Murmansk-BN installed in Crimea will control all NATO ships in the Mediterranean. From Kaliningrad, Murmansk-BN could control not only all of Europe, but also the North and Northeastern Atlantic Ocean. It can disrupt the connection of warships, aircraft and ground troops in Eastern Europe, Central Europe and the Baltic region. At a distance of several thousand kilometers, the complex can not only destroy the ship's communication and navigation capabilities, but also disable all the electronics of the weapons on board. The process took a few minutes, after which the ship became a useless floating pile of iron and an easy target for anti-ship weapons.

This complex is "designed" for the HF band of NATO countries, so the commander of the US Air Force in Europe - General Frank Gorenk, is even worried about the Russian electronic warfare systems. will neutralize all advantages of high-tech weapons in NATO equipment, implement a strategy of limiting access / penetration (A2 / AD) to some territories. Not every plane or missile is capable of flying over Russia's borders, let alone carrying out precision strikes.

An almost insurmountable obstacle is the invisible wall of various electronic warfare systems used to "take away the brains" of the smartest weapon in NATO's arsenal. According to experts, by consolidating a Murmansk-BN brigade and operating into a single strategic system, aggression against Russia in general becomes meaningless; it would be difficult to use the radio, more precisely impossible; and most likely, Europe's missile defense system will also lose its effectiveness.

The Murmansk-BN system first entered service in Crimea in 2014, was tested in the spring of 2019 together with Krasukha-2 and Krasukha-4. Together with the complex in Kamchatka, a shield is being created covering the entire Russian Arctic. Since 2018, northeastern Norway and Finnish Lapland are said to have been concerned about jamming devices. According to NATO experts, the long-range jamming took place during NATO's Trident Juncture exercise in Norway 2018. At the time, it was reported that the interference threatened the safety of the services. civilian services such as search and rescue units, ambulances in the Kirkenes area, and passenger aircraft at Norwegian airports.

The increased concentration of forces in Crimea, the acquisition of modern missile weapons, and new means of communication, detection and guidance in the future could lead to the fact that any military presence of The US and NATO can both be disabled in minutes. Murmansk-BN will not only help to cover the peninsula from US and NATO radio-technical intelligence, but will also enable, if necessary, counterattack "on all fronts" - in the entire HF band for the benefit of of offensive weapon complexes.

In recent times, Russia's reconnaissance and electronic warfare capabilities have improved markedly. Currently, Russia has put into operation about 20 types of new generation electronic warfare systems including Krasukha-2, Murmansk-BN, Borisoglebsk-2, Krasukha-4, Svet-KU... Russian development includes the Krasukha and Divnomorye systems, which are said to be capable of jamming satellite communications, GPS signals, and communications with UAVs. Some components, such as a data bank of signals, operating frequencies, scan rates and suppression frequencies of some Russian complexes, in the next few decades no country will be able to have been.

However, according to some Russian experts, the Murmansk-BN, although transcendent, is only the first in the whole direction of development of electronic warfare complexes, designed and built with the development trend in mind. development, modern facilities, and high performance. According to a source from the military-industrial complex, in the future, Russian military technicians can create a complex of long-range combat radars operating on the VHF band, with the help of the complex. This will, if necessary, be able to intercept any radio communications at all distances and in all areas.

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